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Eyre Bird



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Eyre Bird Observatory

Eyre Bird Observatory is located approximately 50 kilometres southeast of Cocklebiddy.

Eyre Bird Observatory is a very remote site situated 1 kilometre to the north of the Great Australian Bight. Europeans first ventured into this area of the Bight in March 1841. At the time Edward John Eyre, his trusted friend John Baxter, and aboriginal companions Wylie, Joey and Yarry were engaged in a do or die effort to cross the Nullarbor. Of the expedition members, only Eyre and his friend Wylie were to survive. Eyre's epic crossing of the Nullarbor was a truly harrowing one, with the party constantly suffering exhaustion, starvation and the ever present possibility of death due to thirst.

During this epic exploration, Eyre's expedition was forced to lay up and recuperate at "Eyre's Sandpatch" - site of the present day Eyre Bird Observatory. According to Eyre's journal the "Sandpatch" proved to be their salvation. At the time Eyre's party was suffering a slow lingering death from starvation, and more importantly, no native water wells had been discovered during the previous seven days. Incredibly Eyre's expedition discovered a source of water at the Sandpatch by digging a well to a depth of over 2 metres through fine white sand. Eyre's party then camped at the "Sandpatch" for another 29 days, before heading west to confront further tragedies.

By 1897 Australia's Transcontinental Telegraph network had been constructed, and Eyre's Sandpatch was renamed Eyre Telegraph Station. At the time Eyre Telegraph Station was a major repeater link in a chain of stations that connected Sydney to Perth. Such developments represented important symbols of Australia's move towards a growing sense of nationhood. Elsewhere on the Nullarbor a number of other telegraph stations were also constructed at Eucla and Fowlers Bay. Eyre Telegraph Station continued to operate until 1927. The site remained abandoned for a further 50 years however. With great foresight the Eyre Telegraph Station was restored in 1927 by Birds Australia and the Post Office Historical Society.

Today Eyre Bird Observatory is a nationally significant site for ornithological and environmental research. Surrounded by the Nuytsland Nature Reserve, this area of Australia is home to over 240 species of birds - and many of them are rare and endangered. Rare species recorded in Nuytsland Nature Reserve include Major Mitchell Cockatoos and the unique Mallee Fowl which incubates its eggs in mounds of leaf litter and sand.

Black Cuckoo Shrike Nestlings at Eyre Bird Observatory.
Young Black Cuckoo Shrike Nestlings

For Nullarbor travellers a short visit to Eyre Bird Observatory could prove most rewarding. Eyre Bird Observatory is situated on some of Australia's most remote coastline. Throughout the year Eyre Bird Observatory conducts a number of courses designed to attract the interest of naturalists and people with a growing sense of environmental consciousness.

Eyre Bird Observatory is located approximately 50 kilometres southeast of Cocklebiddy. Access to Eyre Bird Observatory is provided by a turnoff from the Eyre Highway. This turnoff is located approximately 17 kilometres east of Cocklebiddy. To drive all the way to Eyre Bird Observatory a 4 wheel drive vehicle is required. Should you not possess a 4 wheel drive vehicle a pick up and drop off service is offered by the wardens of Eyre Bird Observatory.

The Descent to Eyre Bird Obseravatory is only for 4 wheel drive vehicles. The descent begins very soon after you see the Microwave Tower.
The Descent to Eyre Bird Observatory

Conventional vehicles can travel along the access road as far as a microwave tower, where there is a carpark, and a pick up and drop off point for visitors. Road conditions in the area can be variable and sensitive owners of brand new cars might be advised to consider visiting other attractions on the Nullarbor. The wardens at Eyre Bird Observatory also cater for bus travellers and backpackers, with a pick up service operating from Cocklebiddy Roadhouse. Bus travelers should be aware however that interstate buslines only service the route on a once a week basis.

At Eyre Bird Observatory day visitors are welcome and fees are charged for entry and transport services. Eyre Bird Observatory also provides overnight accommodation for aspiring naturalists and the more serious David Attenborough types of this world!

For accommodation prices and further information contact Eyre Bird Observatory by telephoning (08) 9039 3450 or Fax (08) 9039 3440. Alternatively view the Eyre Bird Observatory Accommodation page for the most current accommodation rates. Email contact can be made at eyrebirdobs@bigpond.com. To avoid disappointment advance bookings are essential. For another Eyre Bird Observatory site check out Australia G'day.